Operation Polo: How did Hyderabad become part of India? (BBC Hindi)



जिस समय ब्रिटिश भारत छोड़ रहे थे, उस समय यहाँ के 562 रजवाड़ों में से सिर्फ़ तीन को छोड़कर सभी ने भारत में विलय का फ़ैसला किया. ये तीन रजवाड़े थे कश्मीर, जूनागढ़ और हैदराबाद. अंग्रेज़ों के दिनों में भी हैदराबाद की अपनी सेना, रेल सेवा और डाक तार विभाग हुआ करता था. उस समय आबादी और कुल राष्ट्रीय उत्पाद की दृष्टि से हैदराबाद भारत का सबसे बड़ा राजघराना था. उसका क्षेत्रफल 82698 वर्ग मील था जो कि इंग्लैंड और स्कॉटलैंड के कुल क्षेत्रफल से भी अधिक था. हैदराबाद की आबादी का अस्सी फ़ीसदी हिंदू लोग थे जबकि अल्पसंख्यक होते हुए भी मुसलमान प्रशासन और सेना में महत्वपूर्ण पदों पर बने हुए थे. उस पर तुर्रा ये भी था कि कट्टरपंथी क़ासिम राज़वी के नेतृत्व मे रज़ाकार हैदराबाद की आज़ादी के समर्थन में जन सभाएं कर रहे थे और उस इलाक़े से गुज़रने वाली ट्रेनों को रोक कर न सिर्फ़ ग़ैर-मुस्लिम यात्रियों पर हमले कर रहे थे बल्कि हैदराबाद से सटे हुए भारतीय इलाक़ों में रहने वाले लोगों को भी परेशान कर रहे थे.
स्टोरी: रेहान फ़ज़ल
तस्वीरें: गेटी इमेज़स, बीबीसी, रायटर्स, पीटीआई

47 thoughts on “Operation Polo: How did Hyderabad become part of India? (BBC Hindi)”

  1. जल्द ही पाकिस्तान के कब्जे वाला जम्मू कश्मीर और चीन द्वारा कब्जाया हूआ अक्साई चिन क्षेत्र भी आयेगा 🤷‍♀️
    जय हिंद

  2. Total Blasphemy ❌…….it's actually operation caterpillar,……. What u know abt history of hyderabad state and H. E. H nizam mir osman ali khan. If you don't then don't spread lies and hoax..

  3. THE CUNNING, TERROR, HORROR AND FANATIC BRAHMAN RAJ OF HIND IS GOING TO DIVIDE IN MANY PARTS AS SOONER. WE SAY MOST WELL COME TO NEW INDEPENDENT STATE OF KHALISTAN, NAGA LAND, ASSAM, TAMIL, NADU, NAXALBARI, MIZORAM, MANIPUR, ARUNCHAL PREDESH, DALITISTAN AND JUMMU KASHMIR WILL BECOME PART OF PAKISTAN ALWAYS SUSTAINABLE.

  4. دھوکا باز انگریز۔یہہ کسی کے دوست نہیں ہوے۔بلکہ ہمیشہ دوستوں کو استعمال کرکے
    لات ماردیا اور دھو کا دیا۔سب کیساتھ ایسا ہی کیا۔جھوٹی مکار قوم۔

  5. भाई एक बात बताओ जो राजे रीयासते थी जो अपना अस्तित्व बनाये रखना चाहते थे उन पर जबरदस्ती कयुँ कि गयी ? आज कैसे घटिया मानसिकता के लोगों के हाथों में राज आ गया . राजे रीयासतो के वशजो के सरकार कुछ करने के लिए तैयार नहीं है एसी आजादी को हम कया करेगे .

  6. Many politicians are parroting subverted narratives concocted in 1957-58 (more out of political compulsions rather than placing facts and events in a proper perspective) pairing the Razakars(Islamic hardliners) with the Nizam rather than calling them 'The M.I.M' (the intolerant hardliners) which they were and very well documented one's. Some facts below establish the fairly secular credentials of the Nizams; devout Muslims & the rulers of Hyderabad State.
    -The Nizams ruled over a State that was 70% Hindu for 250 years. The demographics didn't change wrt the Hindu, Christian or Sikhs population. It remained more or less the same till 1948.
    – As per the Census records, the population of Hyderabad grew by 30% in the 20 year period 1921-1941 beating the nation's average of 15% by a whopping 100%. A pointer indicating a healthy, happy and a fairly secular administration.
    -Taxation by the last Nizam in Hyderabad was reduced to average 30%-35 from levy of 50%-55% earlier. The population, 70% Hindu were the major beneficiaries.
    -Any form of support for the "Khilafat Movement" in 1920-21(in support of an Islamic Caliphate of Turkey) was banned by 'The Nizam' in Muslim ruled 'Hyderabad State'. Many bigoted Muslims never forgave the Nizam for an anti Khilafat stand.
    – The bigots also held a grudge against the king for his increasingly secular laws, the financial & tax reforms from late 19thCE till the 1920's, which benefited the general populace irrespective of religion and filled the coffers of 'The State of Hyderabad'. They created 'The M.I.M.'(a political party adhering to an intolerant Salafist hardliner version of Islam) in 1928 with an objective to eventually do away with 'The Nizam' and have 'Islamic Theocratic Rule' in Hyderabad wherein the financial interests and other interests of Muslims would supersede all claims by non Muslims.
    – The Police Action by the Government of India in September 1948, in addition to saving Hindus, Sikhs etc., also saved 'The Nizam' who had become a virtual prisoner of the M.I.M., (whose cadre by late 1946 were controlling the Nizams Army, Police and the Administration).
    – When the Nizam died in 1967 there was a massive outpouring of grief. More than 500,000 people attended his funeral, Muslims and Hindus in equal number. The national flag was flown at half mast by the Govt. Of India in recognition and in respect to a great king and a patriotic Hindustani.
    However these facts and events are continually ignored and analysis of history in a proper perspective is sadly absent.

  7. Pakistan was created by gujarati politician likes sardarvallah bhai ect those are know abouts Pathan community was unders pressure of British government so how we are Indian rulling on him so created Pakistan for safety form Pathan community only

  8. Matlab kuch bhi …
    Nizam of Hyderabad kitna gold diye indian govt ku malum hai kuch ????? Matlab jo dill me aya wo story banalo …. Yahan nizam ki hukumat me hindu muslim sab bhaiyo ki tarha rehte the … aur jaisa k apki information k hisaab se 80% hindu the but koi nizam k khilaf nhi tha sab khush the … kia bolun ab mai … humlog Hyderabad se hai original aur apka kahin b baithke kuch b bolre … dimag kharab hojata nizam MashaAllah kitni development kiye Hyderabad me kia mlm apku…

  9. In the end hyderabad is always attacked by the northerners… first it was Muhammad bin Tughlaq. And next Aurangzeb's mughals conquered Golconda Sultanate. And finally, north indian religious extremists brought religious conflicts and hatred in Telangana. And indian army attacked Hyderabad thru operation polo. Telangana was originally ruled by Kakatiya. Rulers of Kakatiya were sudras. So there was not exactly caste discrimination in society. Golconda Sultanate. Qutb shahi dynasty was turkmen shia muslims. And they were called telugu sultans cos they supported telugu language literatures and adapted to telugu culture. And Golconda sultans had hindu religious ceremony.

  10. Sadar Patel always was accept leadership of Ghandhi je BUT now BJP, RSS and Modi je promoting as Patel was leader of Ghandhi je.

  11. रजाकार कौमी मजहब खून में ही गद्दारी है।
    बीबीछिः अंग्रेज भाग गये औलाद छोड़ गये।

  12. Thank God for Vallabhbhai Patel….otherwise if it's left to nehru our country wud hv been split into many parts. Gandhi did great injustice by dumping nehru on us Indians….we are facing the repercussions now

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