Differences between Intel Pentium Gold and Silver processors
In short, Intel Pentium Gold processors encompass all Intel processors that are between the Celeron processors and the Core ix processors. That is to say, that these processors are the high end of the processors of the low range. They are the old Intel Pentium G processors, which has been renamed Pentium Gold. As such, they still retain most of the features of this type of processors, such as compatibility with motherboards with LGA1151 v2 socket. Something interesting is that these new processor models now have two cores with Hyper Threading, which makes them similar in performance to the old Intel Core i3 processors.
For its part, Intel Pentium Silver processors are completely different processors than the Pentium Gold just named. This type of processors are designed to be very low consumption models (there are models that have consumption of only 10 W), intended to be used in ultra-portable netbook computers. A segment in which they can perform their tasks more or less well, since in it, what is usually valued is the duration of the battery. Another important difference between the Pentium Gold and Silver processors is that, as we have said, the former use a traditional socket type, while the latter can not be bought loose, since they are always sold with the motherboard, since they are soldiers to it.
Finally, the last difference between these types of processors is that, while Pentium Gold employs an internal architecture similar to that of Intel Core, Pentium Silver employs internal architectures more similar to those used by Intel Atom many years ago.
These architectures are not designed to be used with extreme workloads, since they do not handle the resources they have available in the system so well (because they do not count on architectures designed to play or do heavy work with them).